First I need to say that I won’t be using aluminum foils, but real capacitors.
So let’s assume the electrodes are 2 ruler shaped metal pieces.
You can drill 4 holes, that would form an imaginary rectangle, two holes in each of the metal plates.
Using a non-conductive material, you can create two bridges between the two electrodes. This way you will have a rectangle shape, were the electrodes are parallel:
The good thing is that you can always loose the screws, so the rectangle shape can be easily shifted to the right, to a parallelogram shape.
This way the electrodes will always stay parallel, but the distance between then can be adjusted.
You will need to put some metallic spacers between the wooden bridges and the electrodes or else you’ll have arcs in that spot, that will burn the wood. It happened to me (see the marks left of the wooden bridges).
So one electrode can be free to shift left/right, and the other can be fixed to a holding plate.
Here’s my setup:
For the power supply I’ve used my ZVS driven flyback with built-in half wave rectifier, and a few hv ceramic capacitors (2x 18KV 3nF). Some designs use homemade plate shaped capacitors made of aluminum foil, but I don’t recommend it.
The spark gap makes a lot of noise, and very bright discharges, so it’s very important to wear safety UV glasses.
A few videos:
Hope you enjoyed this,